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Antimicrobial use and appropriateness in the community: 2020–2021

This report provides analyses of antimicrobial use and appropriateness in the community in 2020 and 2021, with comparison to and trends from 2015.


Antimicrobial use and appropriateness in the community: 2020–2021

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Key findings include:

  • Antimicrobial use decreased dramatically between 2019 and 2021 (25.2%), compared to 2015 and 2019 (8.9%)
  • There was a 40.3% reduction in antimicrobial use between March and April 2020 coinciding with the implementation of COVID-19 pandemic restrictions in Australia
  • Prescribing rates for respiratory-related illnesses were not consistent with national guidelines but showed improvement in appropriateness
  • Non-PBS/RPBS (private) prescriptions for antimicrobials more than doubled from 2.5% (2015) to 5.3% (2021).
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