Infection Prevention and Control Poster - Standard precautions poster
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Standard precautions are work practices that provide a first-line approach to infection prevention and control in the healthcare environment and should be adopted by all healthcare workers when caring for all patients, regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status. Standard precautions are used to reduce or prevent the transmission of infectious agents and to render and maintain objects and healthcare settings as free as possible from infectious agents.
Standard precautions should be used in the handling of blood (including dried blood); all other body fluids (excluding sweat), regardless of whether they contain visible blood; non-intact skin; and mucous membranes. (Source: section 3.1 Standard precautions, Australian guidelines for the prevention and control of infection in healthcare)
Standard precautions include:
- Hand hygiene, consistent with the 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene
- The use of appropriate personal protective equipment
- The safe use and disposal of sharps
- Environmental cleaning
- Respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette
- Aseptic technique
- Appropriately reprocess reusable medical devices
- Waste management
- Appropriate handling of linen.