Clostridioides difficile infection monitoring in Australia

Clostridioides difficile (also known as Clostridium difficile) is an anaerobic, spore-forming, gram-positive bacterium typically associated with gastrointestinal disease. It is common in the natural environment and in healthcare environments, and it can be spread between individuals through direct or indirect contact. 

Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is often linked to prolonged and unnecessary use of antimicrobial therapy.

Monitoring the burden of CDI in Australian public hospitals

The Commission has monitored the national burden of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) in Australian public hospitals each year since 2016. This work has led to a better understanding of CDI acquisition in hospitals and in the community and has helped to inform the development of measures to prevent and limit its spread. 

Technical reports

Data snapshots

Prevention and control of CDI

There are a number of strategies that health service organisations can implement to prevent and control the transmission of CDI. Many of these strategies may also be applicable in the community and primary healthcare settings.


Information and resources for healthcare workers and consumers

A factsheet has been produced for consumers. 

Resources to support Australian healthcare workers manage, treat and control CDI include:

The following resources include information that can assist with prevention and control of CDI in health service organisations.