Infection Prevention and Control Posters - Standard and Transmission-Based Precautions and Signage

Successful infection prevention and control involves routinely using basic infection prevention and control strategies, such as hand hygiene; personal protective equipment; aseptic technique; respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette; environmental cleaning; and, safe handling and disposal of sharps, waste and linen, to minimise infection risk (standard precautions), in addition to employing specific strategies designed to interrupt the transmission of infection (transmission-based precautions).

Standard and transmission-based precautions

Standard precautions are the primary strategy for minimising the transmission of healthcare-associated infections. Standard precautions must be used when providing care to all patients, regardless of whether they have an infection or not. Standard precautions involve:

In certain situations, the use of standard precautions alone may not be enough to limit the spread of infection. When this occurs, transmission-based precautions are required. There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet and airborne precautions. One or more types of transmission-based precautions may be required, depending on how an infection is spread between people.

There are different personal protective equipment and patient placement requirements for standard precautions and transmission-based precautions. The table below provides a general overview of these requirements by precaution type. A local risk assessment should always be undertaken to determine the most appropriate personal protective equipment and patient placement for the delivery of care.

Table A2.4. Use of standard and transmission-based precautions

Notes for Table A2.4. Use of standard and transmission-based precautions

Source: Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Infection in Healthcare (2019)

Infection control signage

It is important to use consistent infection prevention and control posters to communicate infection risk and the precautions required to minimise this risk in the healthcare setting. The Commission has developed a suite of standardised posters for acute care facilities, to increase healthcare worker awareness of the necessary precautions to be applied for all patients (standard precautions) and for those patients who require transmission-based precautions, due to a known or suspected infection. The use of standardised infection prevention and control posters can help health service organisations meet the requirements of the National Safety and Quality in Healthcare (NSQHS) Standards, Preventing and controlling infections for Standard and transmission-based precautions, Action 3.8 and Action 3.9.

Combined precautions – standard, contact and droplet

Combined precautions – standard, airborne and contact

Standardised signs - with state and territory co-branding

The co-badged posters are currently under review.

However, the current version of these posters are available through the links below.

ACT

Download the full set of standardised signs with Canberra Hospitals and Health Services co-branding:

NSW

Download the full set of standardised signs with Clinical Excellence Commission co-branding:

QLD

Download the full set of standardised signs with Queensland Government co-branding:

Tasmania

Download the full set of standardised signs with Tasmanian Government co-branding:

VIC

Download the full set of standardised signs with Victorian Department of Health co-branding:

WA

Download the full set of standardised signs with Government of Western Australia Department of Health co-branding:

ACT

Download the full set of standardised signs with Canberra Hospitals and Health Services co-branding:

NSW

Download the full set of standardised signs with Clinical Excellence Commission co-branding:

QLD

Download the full set of standardised signs with Queensland Government co-branding:

Tasmania

Download the full set of standardised signs with Tasmanian Government co-branding:

VIC

Download the full set of standardised signs with Victorian Department of Health co-branding:

WA

Download the full set of standardised signs with Government of Western Australia Department of Health co-branding: