Infection Prevention and Control Poster - Contact precautions poster
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Contact precautions, in addition to standard precautions, are used for infectious agents that may be transmitted by direct or indirect contact with the patient or the patient’s environment.
Direct transmission occurs when infectious agents are transferred from one person to another person without a contaminated intermediate object or person.
Indirect transmission involves the transfer of an infectious agent through a contaminated intermediate object (fomite) or person.
The key elements of applying contact precautions are:
- Use of appropriate personal protective equipment, such as aprons, gowns, and gloves
- Patient placement (e.g. single room cohorting)
- Minimising patient movement
(Source: section 3.2.2 Contact precautions, Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Infection in Healthcare)