Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is internationally recognised as a pressing health problem. Although AMR is a natural phenomenon there are a number of other contributing factors to the increase in AMR internationally. Poor infection control practices and inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing and use are increasing the challenges that AMR presents for public health.
Monitoring the quality and quantity of antimicrobial prescribing and use in aged care homes is especially important as elderly residents are vulnerable to infections and, therefore, more likely to be receiving antimicrobial therapy.
The aged care National Antimicrobial Prescribing Survey (acNAPS) is an annual survey of antimicrobial prescribing practices in Australian aged care homes. The primary aim of this survey is to help aged care homes improve their use of antimicrobials.
The Commission is working with the Department of Health to develop strategies to promote the implementation of antimicrobial stewardship programs in aged care homes through the application of the Antimicrobial Stewardship Clinical Care Standard.
The acNAPS is conducted by the National Centre for Antimicrobial Stewardship (NCAS) in partnership with the Victorian Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance System (VICNISS) Coordinating Centre (Royal Melbourne Hospital), both based at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity (a partnership between the University of Melbourne and Royal Melbourne Hospital). The survey was developed by the Guidance Group (Royal Melbourne Hospital) and is supported by funding Commission as part of the Antimicrobial Use and Resistance in Australia (AURA) surveillance system.